South Sulawesi

Province Summary​

Capital City


Key industries

Fishery, Forestry, Agriculture


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Import (undefined)



Export (undefined)



Market (undefined)



ESCAS Feedlot in
The Province (undefined)



ESCAS Abattoir in
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Land Utilization (Ha)

Port Infrastructure

Port for Cattle


Sea Toll Route


Loading Unloading Time (Days)

Regulation and Incentives



Feed Production

Support Systems













Strong sectors

Weak sectors

Province Overview

  • South Sulawesi is the third-largest cattle producer in Indonesia, home to 8% of the total national cattle population.
  • The province acts as a gateway to eastern Indonesia and is growing to become a major supplier of goods and commodities to nearby provinces such as Kalimantan, other provinces in Sulawesi, and NTB.
  • South Sulawesi supplies to the cattle market in other provinces in Indonesia, such as Sulawesi and Kalimantan. Meanwhile, South Sulawesi also conducts cattle import from other provinces in Sulawesi island as well.
  • Domestic Investment Realization in South Sulawesi reached USD 0.65 Billion while the Foreign Investment Realization reached USD 0.24 Billion in 2020.
  • Despite being one of Indonesia's cattle production centers, production in the region is still very fragmented as the majority of production come from smallholder farmers.
  • South Sulawesi is supported by adequate and active logistic infrastructures such as the Makassar Port, the largest in Sulawesi Island, and cattle transportation through one of the national sea highway (tol laut) routes. Camara Nusantara livestock vessels are also operating in the region, transporting cattle to East Kalimantan.

Real-time update on Beef Prices in each Province​

SIMPONI-Ternak is a digital tool developed by Indonesia’s Ministry of Agriculture in response to the high need for market information, covering real-time prices for multiple agricultural commodities in each province. For real-time beef prices in each province, please click the button on the right.

Supply Chain

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Provincial Macro-data

South Sulawesi GDRP (billion USD)

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South Sulawesi population (thousand)

South Sulawesi minimum wage (USD)

South Sulawesi cattle population (head)

Investment Considerations

Stories from the Field

Success Story

  • The Success of Large Cattle Company from Integrated Breeding Center to Fattening

    Berdikari United Livestock (PT BULI) is a company focused on growing cattle business. This company is the largest cattle farm company in Indonesia, even in Southeast Asia. PT BULI, a state-owned ranch of 11,000 ha, has useful infrastructure and pasture areas. Whilst it currently has no cattle, it has potential for redevelopment as a large-scale cattle operation. The company has now expanded in term of service to fattening, driving the region's economic growth and utilizing manpower for more than 1,000 cattle. This effort increase the community's well-being and prosperity

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  • Maros Amil Zakat National Agency Cattle Center Effort to Enhance Community Well-Being

    Maros Regency in South Sulawesi has quite big potential in livestock sector, especially in big and small cattle. The growth of big cattle is tremendous and handled by majority of smallholders.BAZNAS cattle centre paired the concept of breeding and fattening by empowering local community especially farmers and smallholders. Breeding and fattening in the area is created to enhance the number of cattle population and enhance the area economically. To fulfill feed demand in the breeding and fattenign program, farmers cultivate feed independently. The model applid is the economy community development by providing productive asset in forms of cattle breed to be developed sustainably.

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Lesson Learned

  • Mismanagement of Cattle Aid

    Smallholders in Southeast Sulawesi required aid in forms of funding and cattle seed to kickstart cattle farm growth. The provincial government responded by providing both needs with auction system. However, majority of the cattle breed are unable to survive in the region due to many contributing factors. Hence, cattle breed from the government are usually sold to other institutions without proper fattening process to avoid cattle dying on their premises.

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Existing business model

Number of Commercial Feedlot


Number of Commercial Breedlot


Number of Smallholder


South Sulawesi is heavily populated by smallholders implementing Cut and Carry models. The high crop yields supports the cut and carry model, to provide supplement feeds. 


  1. Commercial feedlots are legal business entities with the purpose of increasing the weight of the cattle (BPS, Large and Small Livestock Establishment Statistics 2020)
  2. Commercial breedlots are are legal business entities which focus on raising livestock to breed and produce new, young livestock with inherited traits (BPS, Large and Small Livestock Establishment Statistics 2020)
  3. Smallholders are small-scale cattle businesses, usually family owned, with varying cattle number per household. The average smallholder farmers' ownership in Indonesia is about 2 to 5 cattle per household, but it can reach 20 to 50 cattle per household in regions which cattle farming are a main source of livelihood, such as NTB and NTT (BPS STU 2014)

Below are the existing business model​


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